[说明] manage 在使用中常常表示“设法做成某事”，与succeed一词相近；而动词try则强调“试着去做，
例如：The box was heavy, but she managed to carry it.=
The box was heavy, but she succeeded in carrying it.
I tried time and time again to move the stone but I
still can't do it.
||[说明] pleasure 作为名词，常用在句型结构中，作“快乐，愉快，满足”解。与delighted；joy
1) It's a pleasure to do sth. 是客套语，意思是“很高兴做……”，相当于 be
pleased / glad to do sth. 。
例如： It's a pleasure for me to be invited to speak here.= I'm glad to be invited to speak here. 应邀在这里讲话，我深感荣幸。
It's been a / my pleasure to talk to you like this.
Reading gives me great pleasure / joy.
2) It's a pleasure. = A pleasure. 作“没什么，不用谢；这是我乐意做的事”解。
类似的习语还有：It's nothing; Not at all; You are welcome; Don't
mention it; that's all right; My pleasure 等。
例如：—— Thank you, Mum, for your beautiful present.
—— Not at all, dear. It was a pleasure.
3) With pleasure = Yes / Certainly，意思是“当然可以, 愿意效劳”。
类似的习语还有：All right; No problem; I'd like to。这些习语主要用于别人求你做某事，你很乐意做的场合。
例如：—— Could you please mail the letter for me?
—— With pleasure.
例如：Nodding the head means agreement, while shaking it
I earn only 50 dollars a week, while she earns 80 dollars.
2) while 用作连词，表示“当……的时候； 和……同时”。常和谓语动词是进行时的句子或谓语表示状态的
例如: He watched TV while (he was ) eating the food.
Strike while the iron is hot.
She called while I was out.
4) while 用作连词，作“只要”解= as long as, 后跟从句。
例如：While there's a will, there's a way. 有志者，事竟成。
While there's life, there is hope.
You will want nothing while / as long as I am alive.
||(4) take … for
…for example 作“以……为例”；“比如说……”解，常用于阐明一件事的开头。
例如：Let's take this math problem for example.
You can take your research work for example.
短语take … for… 的意思是“把……当作；误认为是……”。
例如：In the first few weeks I took him for a Japanese.
Don't take me for a fool.
- 1. She has a ____ sweet voice.
A. pleasant B. pleasing C. pleasure D. please
- I 'm sorry I took you ____ your elder
brother at first.
A. with B. for C. by D. with
- —— Sorry to have given you so much
A. That's right B. You're welcome C. It's kind of
you to say so D. That's all right
- She knows quite a lot ____ she is
only a little girl.
A. while B. because C. although D. as
- I wonder how it ____ to live without
eating for so many months.
A. manages B. keeps C. tries D. succeeds
[ 说明 ] 动词不定式有六种形式，分别表示不定式的时态和语态。以write为例：
一般式的主动形式： to write
完成式的主动形式： to have written
进行式的主动形式： to be writing
完成进行式的主动形式： to have been writing
一般式的被动形式： to be written
完成式的被动形式： to have been written
例如：He seems to know everything about the accident.
He pretended to be listening to the teacher attentively.
I am sorry to have given you so much trouble.
He is known to have been working on the problem for many
I don't like to be talked to like that.
辑主语放在不定式之前，形成for sb. to do sth. 或of sb. to do sth. 结构。语法上也称作复合宾
It is + 形容词 + for sb.to do sth.; It is + 形容词 + of sb.
to do sth.。
例如：It is impossible for us to get there before lunch.
It was foolish of her to do that.
注意：当表语形容词表示不定式的逻辑主语的特征、品质时，要用of 而不是 for 引出不定式的逻
这种形容词常是：good, kind, nice, impolite, careless, brave, careful,
cruel, honest, wise, rude, clever, silly, stupid 等。
[说明] 不定式的否定形式是将not 放在不定式之前，即 not to do sth., 或not do sth.。
例如：Tell him not to be late for class again.
Why not try on this shirt?
- They said good-bye, little knowing
that they ____ again.
A. were never met B. were never to meet
C. were to never meet D. are never to meet
- He got to the station only ____ the
train had gone.
A. and told B. telling C. told D. to be
- A new hospital was to ____ in this
district, but the money wasn't collected yet.
A. built B. have built C. be built D. have
- Mary looks very anxious. She seemed
____ what the speaker really meant.
A. not to understand B. to be not understanding
C. not to be understanding D. not to have understood
- I would love ____ to the party last
night but I had to work extra hours to finish a report.
A. to have gone B. to go C. going D. having